Resources > Grammar
Language is your most important tool as a translator/interpreter, and therefore knowing how to use it is essential. Your knowledge of grammar can influence your style and syntax, and most of all your control of the language!
All translators/interpreters should have a strong grasp of grammar or, if uncertain, should know where to obtain information on the subject. Having grammar books and websites to hand are key to ensure accuracy, as gut instinct is not always correct. Translators/interpreters should be able to justify their use of language, even if there is more than one solution.
Suggested below is a short list of grammar guides and specific linguistic reference books. Everyone has a favourite, therefore you should browse through them to find which is best suited to you.
Language and grammar books
|A Comprehensive Welsh Grammar/Gramadeg Cymraeg Cynhwysfawr|
David A. Thorne, Blackwell, 1993
|Canllawiau Ysgrifennu Cymraeg|
J. Elwyn Hughes, Gwasg Gomer, 1998
Morgan D. Jones, Gwasg Gomer, 1965
|Elfennau Gramadeg Cymraeg|
Stephen J. Williams, Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1980
|Gafael mewn Gramadeg|
David A. Thorne, Gwasg Gomer, 2000
|Gramadeg y Gymraeg|
Peter Wynn Thomas, Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1996
|Iawn Bob Tro|
Dafydd Glyn Jones, Dalen Newydd Cyf.
|Orgraff yr Iaith Gymraeg Rhan 11|
Ceri W. Lewis, Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1987
|The Oxford Minidictionary of Spelling and Word-division|
Oxford University Press, 1986
Rhiannon Ifans, Cymdeithas Lyfrau Ceredigion, 2006
|Y Llyfr Berfau|
D. Geraint Lewis, Gwasg Gomer, 1995
|Y Treigladau a’u Cystrawen|
T.J. Morgan, Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1989
D. Geraint Lewis, Gwasg Gomer, 1993
|The Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors|
Oxford University Press, 1981
|Hart’s Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press Oxford|
Oxford University Press, 1983
|Editing and Revising for Translators|
Brian Mossop, St Jerome, 2006
Courses and language improvement exercises
Cymdeithas Cyfieithwyr Cymru, from time to time, arranges workshops on grammar. Please see our workshop page.
Some of the Welsh for Adult centres offer language improvement courses on request. The Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol offers an on-line Welsh language certificate course to its students.